The British Columbia Court of Appeal’s recent decision in West Moberly First Nations v. British Columbia addressed a number of issues of import to Indigenous communities and the legal profession, with potentially profound impacts on the future of Aboriginal and treaty rights litigation. The majority of the Court affirmed the view shared by Canada and a number of Treaty 8 First Nations as to the location of the western boundary of Treaty 8, which BC and a number of other First Nations asserted were not within the Treaty territory. The decision affirms the ability of Treaty First Nations to ask the court for clarity about aspects of their historic treaties with the Crown outside the full litigation process, and “opens the door to a less acrimonious relationship between the parties”.